Icon of the Mother of God. The XVth century - According to tradition,
the wonderworking Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God is one of three
painted by the hand of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist Luke. There
is a wonderful legend about how this icon arrived in Russia. In
1383 it disappeared from the magnificent cathedral at Blachernae
in Constantinople, which was built for it, so it was as if Our Lady
Herself moved from Byzantium to Russia.
During the reign
of the Grand Prince of Moscow, Dimitry Donskoy, this wonderworking
icon first appeared in the region of Novgorod. It appeared above
the waters of Lake Ladoga, invisibly borne through the air by angels,
shining with a radiant light. Many times the icon moved from place
to place, healing the infirm and comforting those in sorrow. In
those places where the icon stopped, pious Orthodox Christians built
chapels and churches. She chose the small town of Tikhvin as her
permanent place of shelter. There a church was soon built for the
icon, and in time a monastery grew up around it which came to be
known as the Great Tikhvin Monastery. The veneration of the icon
was so great that a special window was built into the church, through
which pilgrims could see the wonderworking icon and pray before
it even when the church was locked. It is noteworthy that an unusual
warmth issued from the hands of the Theotokos on the icon that could
be felt by the lips of those who venerated it.
A great number
of city and monastery churches housed copies of the Tikhvin icon
which themselves were glorified by miracles and were especially
revered. At the end of the eighteenth century there was such a revered
icon in the church of the Dormition of the Theotokos in Ekaterinburg.
Apparently the city dwellers and pilgrims prayed so frequently and
so earnestly before this icon that the church itself was often called
the church of the Tikhvin icon. It was precisely this
church which was destined to become the first church of the Novo-Tikhvin
Convent. After the founding of the convent by the first Abbess,
Mother Taisia, it received an exact copy of the famous wonderworking
icon from the Great Tikhvin Monastery.
After 55 Years in U.S. the Icon of the Mother of God of Tikhvin
March 12, 2004
- Reported in the newyorktimes.com. Written by Michelle V. Agins.
Heading Home, After 55 Years in U.S. The icon of the Mother of God
of Tikhvin at the Cathedral of the Holy Virgin Protection goes home. The sad-eyed woman and
the man-faced child have many tales to tell: fleeing the perils
of World War II, astonishing fishermen by hovering over a lake,
helping repulse armies, curing the sick.
Now, after a
55-year stay in the United States - a fleck in its two-millennium
story - comes the latest chapter for the miraculous icon of the
Mother of God of Tikhvin. It is returning in July to its centuries-old
home in Russia, a monastery in Tikhvin, near St. Petersburg. The
icon arrived yesterday in New York City for three days of veneration
and services. Beyond its long history, church officials and scholars
see the icon as a potent symbol of Russian national feeling and
the resurgence of the Russian Orthodox Church after communism's
Just as much,
it is the story of how three generations of one family tended a
revered religious symbol that was spirited away from the Soviet
regime, and then kept a promise to give it back. "Many people
told us that by now the icon is ours and you could do with it what
you want, but we felt differently," said Alexandra Garklavs,
the wife of the Orthodox priest in Chicago who has custody of the
icon. "We thought if we could do something for our former fatherland,
which suffered so much, let them have it. And may it help them."
husband, the Rev. Sergei Garklavs, drove the icon to New York, where
it was received yesterday at the Cathedral of the Holy Virgin Protection
in the East Village. The cathedral belongs to the now-multiethnic
Orthodox Church in America, which was granted independence by the
Russian church in 1970. Pilgrims and priests trickled into the church,
prostrating themselves on a carpet before the icon and kissing the
protective glass cover over the wooden case holding it. They prayed
and lighted candles. A man carried a severely handicapped child
up to the icon, which is painted on wood, measures 34 inches by
43 inches and weighs about 85 pounds in its case.
One woman, Nelly
Kartvelishvili, 52, came from Hoboken, N.J. She hugged Father Sergei.
"Thank you, thank you, a million times, thank you," she
said, weeping. A native
of the former Soviet republic of Georgia, Ms. Kartvelishvili said
the icon was always a symbol of hope during Communist persecution.
"We had very hard times - he kept this icon," she said
of Father Sergei.
A prayer service
was held last night to honor the icon. Today, it will travel uptown
to St. Nicholas Cathedral on East 97th Street, the headquarters
of the Russian Orthodox Church in the United States. The Russian
patriarchate oversees its own 32 parishes in the United States.
The Garklavs family spoke with ambivalence about parting with the
icon, which depicts the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus and is protected
by a jewel-encrusted covering made of gold-plated silver.
The Rev. Alexander
Garklavs, Father Sergei's son, said his father once compared the
icon's departure to a child growing up. "There's
a certain nostalgia, maybe a weeping of joy that your little babies
are going off to college," Father Alexander said. "But
at the same time there's a great deal of pride that they are coming
of age." Father
Sergei, 76, himself seemed reluctant to talk about his feelings
at giving up the icon, which he has tended for 60 years. Having
it was a joy but a great responsibility, he said, and giving it
up is like losing a family member. "At the same time, it is
a great honor," he said.
The icon ended
up in the Garklavs family during World War II, when the Germans
took it from the monastery in Tikhvin to Riga, Latvia, where the
bishop was John Garklavs. Bishop John ended up in a displaced persons
camp in Germany at the war's end and cared for the icon there, displaying
it for the faithful. A young man named Sergei - who was adopted
by the bishop and became Father Sergei - helped lug it around starting
at age 16. In 1949, the bishop immigrated to the United States,
becoming bishop of Chicago in 1956, and kept the icon with him,
always intending to return it to Russia once communism fell. Bishop
John died in 1982 and stipulated in his will that his son, Father
Sergei, send it back when the time was right.